What is Preventive Oncology?

Why Preventive Oncology?Can Cancer be prevented?

13 December 2021
Posted By Dr. Aditi Aggarwal
Preventive oncology in gurgaon

This is very much true that cancer can also be prevented. World Health Organization mentions typically that thirty to fifty per cent of deaths from this cancer could be prevented by avoiding or modifying certain risk factors that lead to this deadly disease. Always keep the proverb in your mind that prevention is all time better than cure. Indeed, this works effectively. In India, this proportion of cancers is as close as 60 to 70% with most of the risk factors being avoidable.

What is this preventive oncology?

Preventive Oncology is any measure taken to prevent the progression or development of that malignant procedure. When cancer prevention concepts coming under the specific preventive oncology are also still evolving, some well-established facts generally prove that simple lifestyle changes can also create all this difference!

Avoid Tobacco :

Utilization of tobacco in any form places you on the actual collision path with cancer. Chewing or smoking this tobacco enhances the risks of lung, colon, mouth, etc. The chemicals present in this tobacco smoke damages the specific DNA of the body cell. This DNA controls the growth & the functioning of the cell type. So, while DNA becomes injured, the cell can start growing out of control & turn into cancer. Here, this is essential to point out that secondhand smoke is equally harmful as you inhale the same amount of toxic chemicals as a smoker, making you prone to lung cancer. Avoid coming in contact with tobacco in any situation. Take sole medical assistance to quit smoking as a preventive measure against cancer.

Maintain a healthy diet :

If you follow a healthy diet chart, then it will have a positive impact directly on your health. Significantly your regular diet contributes towards the maintenance of your health. This can go a long way in decreasing the risk of many cancers. Some basic guidelines suggested by expert oncologists and dieticians are:

  • Opt for the food sourced from some plants such as beans and whole grain
  • Ignore utilizing the processed vegetable oils
  • Select the lower-calorie foods
  • Add maximum unsaturated fats from nuts, avocados, fish, etc.
  • Cut down the number of processed meats etc.


Stay active:

Various medical researchers have also drawn the parallels between obesity/overweight & the risk of cancer. People who are also overweight have a higher risk of multiple types of cancers such as colon, breast, lungs, kidney, and prostate. So, keep a check over the weight of your body. Some physical activity regularly are preventive against cancer because this assists in weight control. This commonly promotes hormonal balances & also develops the immune systems, which are instrumental in decreasing the risks related to colon cancer & breast cancer.

Ignore any risky behaviors:

This is highly recommended to ignore the risky behaviors that can also cause some infections, enhancing the risk of cancer. For example, this is essential to limit the sexual partners & adopt the precautions while having sex. The human papillomavirus, which is generally known as HPV, is a contagious disease that is now proven to be the reason for various types of cancer & this spreads through skin-to-skin contact during anal, oral, and vaginal sex. The specific hepatitis B virus also spreads the chance of developing liver cancer from one person to another person.

Vaccinations for cancer:

Some specific types of cancers, such as liver cancer & cervical cancer, are the exact result of these viruses. A vaccine like HPV & the hepatitis B vaccine can be taken to protect from the cancer-creating viruses.
Preventive vaccinations for cancer are supplied before the virus negatively impacts the body. If you are willing to know more about these specific vaccinations, you can quickly consult with oncologists. They have to be experts and experienced in this field who will guide you properly in the best interest.

Besides the above pointers, be sure to get the regular medical tests & screenings done only at some best hospitals.