Intricate Details of Gallbladder and Bile Duct Cancer

Intricate Details of Gallbladder and Bile Duct Cancer

16 February 2022
Posted By Dr. Aditi Aggarwal
Intricate Details of Gallbladder and Bile Duct Cancer

The bile duct and gallbladder are linked. They are frequently linked to diseases that affect one of them and conditions that affect the other organs

Cancer of the Bile Duct/Cholangiocarcinoma

Cholangiocarcinoma, or bile duct cancer, is rare cancer that develops in the bile ducts, which transport bile from the liver or gallbladder to the small intestines. This form is most common in adults over 50, but it can happen at any age.

Cholangiocarcinoma has three major types-

  • Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: cancer that develops in the liver's bile duct.
  • Bile duct cholangiocarcinoma: grows outside the liver in the bile ducts.
  • Distal cholangiocarcinoma: occurs in the bile duct section closest to the small intestines.


Is it possible to prevent bile duct cancer?

Unfortunately, there is no known way to avoid most bile duct tumors. We do not influence many established risk factors for bile duct cancer, such as age, race, and bile duct anomalies. There are, however, a few things you may do to lower your risk.

One key strategy to minimize one's risk of bile duct cancer and many other types of cancer is achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. According to the experts, people should try to keep a healthy weight, stay physically active, and follow a healthy eating pattern that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while limiting or avoiding red and processed meats, sugary drinks, and highly processed foods.

People may also be able to minimize their risk of bile duct cancer by doing the following

  • Limit or avoid alcohol consumption.
  • Stop smoking (or don't start).


Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder carcinoma is a rare disease. And if they are identified early on, the chances of survival are excellent; nevertheless, in most cases, the condition is discovered later on when the prognosis is often inferior.

Is it possible to prevent gallbladder cancer?

The majority of gallbladder malignancies have no known cause. Many recognized gallbladder cancer risk factors, such as age, gender, race, and bile duct abnormalities, are not in our control. You can reduce your risk by following some steps.

  • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight
  • Maintain a healthy level of physical activity and minimize the amount of time you spend sitting or lying down.
  • Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting or avoiding red and processed meats, sugary beverages, and highly processed foods.
  • It's better not to consume alcoholic beverages.

Because gallstones are a substantial risk factor, removing the gallbladders of everyone with gallstones could avert numerous malignancies. On the other hand, gallstones are very frequent, and gallbladder cancer is sporadic even in persons with gallstones. Most doctors do not advocate removing the gallbladder unless the gallstones create issues. These cancers are often detected at an advanced stage as their symptoms are non specific and often treated for long time for gallstones.

If your symptoms do not resolve after conservative/medical treatment, please meet an expert and get a proper evaluation done for the cause. Gall bladder and bile dust cancers have a much better outcome if they are detected early.

Treatment

Treatment for these cancers is mostly surgical if they are detected at an early stage. And may need some further treatment depending on the surgical specimen report in form of radiation or chemotherapy. This plan is best decided after thoroughly evaluating the complete case and as per the patients general physical condition.