Essential Information About Kidney Cancer

Essential Information About Kidney Cancer

21 March 2022
Posted By Dr. Aditi Aggarwal
Essential Information About Kidney Cancer

A type of cancer that begins in the kidneys and circulates throughout the body is kidney cancer. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are around the size of a fist. They're behind your abdominal organs, on either side of your spine, with one kidney on each side.

Some of the risk factors are:

Tobacco Usage: Tobacco use is well-known to cause cancer. Tobacco has an apparent effect on the kidneys; current smokers have almost twice the risk of kidney cancer as former smokers and never smokers. Tobacco smoking is responsible for around 6% of all kidney cancer fatalities in developed countries.

Obesity: Being overweight or obese is linked to an increased risk of kidney cancer. Obese people have a 77% higher chance of getting kidney cancer than overweight people, who have a 28% higher chance.

It's been proven that changing one's lifestyle can lower the risk of cancer and increase one's chances of survival.

Symptoms Of Kidney Cancer:

Symptoms of kidney cancer are often delayed until the tumour has grown to a specific size. There are frequently no visual symptoms in the early stages of kidney cancer.. This problem is commonly discovered during a routine X-ray or ultrasound for another reason or after investigating for blood in urine.

Blood in the urine, or haematuria, is the most prevalent symptom of kidney cancer. Your doctor can use a urine test to detect too tiny blood to see with the naked eye.

Kidney cancer can also manifest itself in less common forms.

Wilms' tumour is a type of kidney cancer that occurs more frequently in young children.

Kidney cancer appears to be on the rise in recent years. One cause for this could be the increased usage of imaging techniques like computed tomography (CT) scans which helps to pick this up early. More kidney malignancies may be discovered as a result of these examinations. Kidney cancer is frequently found early on when small and confined to the kidney. 

It's important to realise that presence of blood in your urine does not necessarily indicate that you have kidney cancer. This symptom might also be caused by other illnesses, including infections or kidney stones.

If you or someone you know is showing signs of kidney cancer, you should consult a doctor right away.

Primary Signs/symptoms:

  • Urinary blood
  • Weight loss that occurs unexpectedly
  • An abdominal lump/swelling
  • Lower back discomfort
  • Fever
  • Fatigue/exhaustion

Many other benign (noncancerous) illnesses can exhibit the same symptoms as kidney cancer. Many of these symptoms might be caused by other ailments, such as the flu or a back injury. It is not always the case that having one or more of these symptoms means you have kidney cancer. However, kidney cancer can occur without any of these signs or symptoms.

Cancer of the kidney is less common than cancers of the breast and lung. According to the American Cancer SocietyTrusted Source, the chances of developing kidney cancer in a person's lifetime are less than 2%.

Early Detection

It's more difficult to detect kidney cancer by looking or feeling for growth because the kidneys are so deep within the body. A skin cancer patient may notice an abnormal growth on their skin. Breast cancer is occasionally discovered when a woman finds a lump in her breast, more commonly discovered during routine mammography screening.

Role of screening

While mammograms and colonoscopies can detect breast and colorectal cancers, there is no such test for kidney cancer in people at high risk. It's critical to get checked for kidney disease every year if you have high blood pressure, a family history of kidney failure, diabetes, or if you're over 60. You may have the disease of the kidney if you exhibit these indicators. 

If you smoke, are fat, or have been exposed to toxins like asbestos or benzene, your risk of developing cancer rises. Talk to your doctor if you're at high risk, and keep an eye out for signs. Kidney cancer can be passed on in families also in a few cases.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Dr. Aditi Aggarwal has worked in radiation oncology for ten years, treating patients with thoracic cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, bone and soft tissue cancer, gynecological cancer, breast cancer, and neurological cancers.

As a medical doctor, Dr. Aditi Aggarwal holds an MBBS degree from Lady Hardinge Medical College Delhi, a MD degree in radiation oncology from VMMC and Safdarjang Hospital Delhi, as well as a post-doctoral diploma in cancer research from Catalyst Clinical Sciences in Pune.

Cancer is usually classified into four stages, with stage 0 being the earliest stage and stage IV being the most advanced. The stage of a cancer is an important factor in determining the prognosis and the best treatment options. Here's a brief overview of the different stages of cancer:

Stage 0: This is the earliest stage of cancer, and it refers to cancer that is still in its original place and has not spread to other parts of the body. It is also known as carcinoma in situ.

Stage I: This stage means that the cancer is still small and has not spread to other parts of the body. It may be treatable with surgery or other local treatments.

Stage II: At this stage, the cancer is larger and may have spread to nearby lymph nodes. It may be treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy, or other systemic treatments such as chemotherapy.

Stage III: This stage means that the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or organs and/or to distant lymph nodes. Treatment may involve a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and/or systemic treatments such as chemotherapy.

Stage IV: This is the most advanced stage of cancer, and it means that the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver, lungs, bones, or brain. Treatment at this stage is typically palliative, meaning that it aims to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life, rather than cure the cancer.

It's important to note that the staging of cancer can vary between different types of cancer and different systems used to classify the stages. Your healthcare provider can give you more information specific to your situation.

There is no single vaccine that can prevent or cure all types of cancer. However, some vaccines can help prevent certain viral infections that can increase the risk of certain cancers, such as the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, which can help prevent HPV-related cancers such as cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and anal cancer.

Additionally, some cancers can be treated with a type of immunotherapy called cancer vaccines, which help stimulate the body's own immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells. These vaccines are still in the experimental stage and are only available through clinical trials.

However, there are many things you can do to reduce your risk of developing cancer, such as eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding tobacco products, and getting regular cancer screenings. Your healthcare provider can give you more information on how to reduce your risk of cancer.

The symptoms of cancer can vary depending on the type and part of the body of cancer, as well as its stage. Some common symptoms of cancer include:

  • Fatigue
  • Pain that does not go away
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Skin changes, such as yellowing or darkening
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Persistent coughing or trouble breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Persistent hoarseness or sore throat
  • Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as bloating or abdominal pain
  • Menstrual changes in women
  • Persistent skin changes, such as yellowing or darkening
  • Changes in a wart or mole
  • Persistent headaches
  • Persistent bone or joint pain
  • Persistent fatigue or weakness
  • Persistent nausea or vomiting

It's important to keep in mind that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, and not all of them are present in all cases of cancer. If you are experiencing any symptoms that are new or persist for a long time, it's important to talk to your healthcare provider to determine the cause and get appropriate medical attention. Early detection and treatment of cancer can often lead to better outcomes.

Through us, you can schedule a Dr. Aditi Aggarwal priority appointment. Request a callback or dial 7982047515 to reach us.